Cancer Awareness Week – April 1-7. We wanted to raise awareness by mentioning renal cancer in this week’s article. Renal cancer constitutes about 3% of all cancers. The incidence of kidney cancer, which is more common in western societies, has increased by 2% in the last 20 years worldwide. Mostly seen after the age of 50; renal cancer has become more common after the age of 35 in the last 20 years. Proven risk factors for kidney cancer are smoking, obesity, hypertension, and a family history of kidney cancer in a first-degree relative. In addition, in recent years, there are studies showing that diabetes may increase the risk of kidney cancer.
Another important aspect of renal cancer to be mentioned is that it doesn’t cause any symptoms in 70% of the patients with early stage renal cancer and it is incidentally determined during radiological studies (Ultrasonography/Computed Tomography) for other purposes. In addition, kidney (renal) cancer is 30% fatal if not treated. Since it shows no symptoms in early stages and due to its high fatality rate, annual check-ups are recommended for the people with risk factors of renal cancer after the age of 35 for the purpose of EARLY DIAGNOSIS.
The main treatment method of renal cancer is surgical. Following the detection of a renal mass, further tests are done to determine the level of invasion and the stage of the disease, surgery is planned. Depending on the size and the location of the mass, either the mass or the kidney is surgically removed. These operations can be carried out with open or laparoscopic methods.
Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: Removal of the entire kidney by operating through 3 ports thanks to the camera system.
Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy: Removal of the cancerous renal tissue for renal masses smaller than 4 cm by operating through 3 ports thanks to the camera system.
After the renal cancer surgery, additional treatments are planned and a follow-up protocol is created according to the pathology report.