Kidney (Renal) Cancer
Renal cancer constitutes 3-4% of all urinary system cancers; mostly arising after the age of 50. Renal cancers usually don’t show any symptoms in early stages. Around 50-70% of all renal cancers are incidentally diagnosed during imaging studies (ultrasound/CT) for other purposes. If not treated, renal cancers have a fatality rate of 30% and proven risk factors for renal cancer includes;
- High blood pressure
- Family history
Since renal cancers do not show symptoms in early stages, routine check-up by the age of 40 is important for early diagnosis, especially in those with risk factors for kidney cancer.
Treatment of Kidney (Renal) Cancer
Kidney cancers have a high probability of being fatal if left untreated, thereby making early diagnosis very important. The main treatment method is surgical. Depending on the size of the mass, removal of only the mass or complete removal of the kidney constitutes the main treatment methods. These surgeries can be performed open or laparoscopically.
- Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: Removal of the entire kidney by operating through 3 ports thanks to the camera system.
- Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy: Removal of the cancerous renal tissue for renal masses smaller than 4 cm by operating through 3 ports thanks to the camera system.